Legal Obstacles for Big Data Processing in the Service of Artificial Intelligence (acronym BIG DATA 4 AI)
Interdisciplinary research project funded by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (2021-2023) No. TL05000550
The goal of the project is to support the Czech industry and the development of AI by the means of direct assistance to relevant companies. Firstly, we aim to define areas in which there are legislative obstacles for AI start-ups and companies with industrial applications of AI. For that reason, we distributed an online questionnaire to companies and research centres in the field of AI. Prg.ai allowed us to contact many of them given the network they created. Subsequently, a number of qualitative dialogues were conducted by our researchers with the representatives of the companies and centres. The aim is to find out the most relevant issues and create guidelines that will address them from a legal standpoint, f. e. issues with big data processing, storage, and access.
Aside from the guidelines, several instructional videos are being created in cooperation with media experts from the Faculty of Social Sciences. As a result of cooperation with prg.ai and experts from Czech Technical University, we can approach companies developing AI and create partially automated advisory tools for better orientation in the legal jungle. The project fulfils some of the goals of the Czech National Strategy on artificial intelligence, where legal and ethical issues are among the obstacles that need to be tackled to promote the use and development of AI in the Czech Republic.
An interdisciplinary team was assembled, including experts from the Institute of State and Law of the Czech Academy of Sciences (ÚSP AV), the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University (FSS UK) and prg.ai.
The first video is called Big Data (CZ) and serves the purpose of introducing the concept to the viewer. Members of the industry as well as AI research centers can benefit from the included overview of basic legal concepts surrounding the processing of data.
The second video is called Artificial Intelligence (CZ) and is aimed towards legal professionals and members of the public to introduce them to the phenomena at the core of our research. We included some of the most common uses of AI.
The third video is called Legal challenges and risks of big data (CZ).
An article on the topic of legal offences in the area of personal data processing from Ján Matejka and Pavel Mates was published in the journal Právník (issue 10/2021).
Workshop at the Institute of State and Law on the topic of the European proposal on the Data Act that was conducted on the 18th of May 2022.
Questionnaire in Czech and English language that was distributed among companies and research centres developing and using AI for their operations. An excerpt of the research report based on the collected data.
Veronika Příbaň Žolnerčíková
Mgr. Veronika Příbaň Žolnerčíková, PhD is an expert in ICT law, a research fellow at the Institute of State and Law of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic as well as at the Institute of Law and Technology, Faculty of Law, Masaryk University. Her research topic is artificial intelligence from a legal perspective. She has also focused on the law of new technologies in her previous position at the Legislative Department of the Ministry of Justice and a law firm. Veronika occasionally contributes to teaching at Masaryk University and Charles University.
JUDr. Ján Matejka, PhD is the Director of the Institute of State and Law of the Czech Academy of Sciences. His professional experience has spanned the areas of intellectual property, ICT, civil, contract and business law. His professional experience involves also e-government, electronic signatures, information security and telecommunications. He is a senior lecturer of Data Protection Law at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics of Charles University in Prague. He is the author of many works on the Internet and computer Law.
JUDr. Eva Fialová, LL.M., PhD works as a researcher at the Institute of State and Law of the Czech Academy of Sciences as well as a practising lawyer. She has experience in data protection law and information technology law in general. At the Institute of State and Law, Eva participates in projects analysing legal aspects of AI (autonomous systems and autonomous vehicles) and Big Data. She publishes in professional journals and gives lectures on ICT law. She is a member of expert groups on this topic.
Mgr. Tereza Novotná, PhD is an assistant at the Institute of Law and Technology at Masaryk University and a research fellow at the Institute of State and Law of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Her primary research topic is legal informatics, specifically legal information retrieval and legal text processing. At the same time, she is interested in the algorithmisation of legal rules and their translation into machine-readable form. She further focuses her research on interaction with the user, i.e. the addressee of the law, which she considers a key component of her research.
PhDr. Václav Moravec et PhD works at the Institute of Communication Studies and Journalism at the Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague and at the Department of Production at FAMU. He specializes in the transformation of audiovisual media, journalistic ethics, automated journalism and artificial intelligence journalism. He is known also for the TV discussion programmes Otázky Václava Moravce and Fokus Václava Moravce airing on Czech Television. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the Artificial Intelligence Initiative prg.ai.
Ing. et Mgr. Kateřina Turková, PhD is a researcher and associate lecturer at the Institute of Communication Studies and Journalism of Charles University, Czech Republic. She obtained her PhD and Master’s degree in media studies from the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University and her Master’s degree in economics and economic administration from the University of Economics in Prague. In her academic research, she focuses on issues associated with social media, sports, and quantitative research.
Mgr. Irena Prázová, PhD is a Head of the CEMES Center for Media Studies at the Institute of Communication Studies and Journalism of the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University, Czech Republic. She is also the director of the faculty library. In her academic research, she focuses on issues associated with media and information literacy.
Lenka Kučerová joined prg.ai in the spring of 2019 and led the organization for three years. From 2022 onwards, she focuses on community development and partnerships. Lenka has been actively developing the Czech entrepreneurial environment since 2010, when she founded the CzechAccelerator program at CzechInvest. She ran two Prague-based startup accelerators StartupYard and Wayra CEE and in 2015 co-founded the StarLift Foundation. At the startup studio CEAi she was responsible for community development, marketing and corporate culture.
doc. Ing. Pavel Kordík, PhD works for CTU in Prague as a vice dean for industrial collaboration, researcher and educator. His research activities range from data mining automation to artificial intelligence, meta-learning, optimization and information visualization. As an entrepreneur, he cofounded unico.ai, to build a bridge between academia and industry. He also commercialize outcomes of AI research in the Recombee company providing recommender systems as a service. Pavel is also co-founder of prg.ai and member of it's executive committee.
Ing. Vojtěch Vančura is a machine learning researcher at Recombee and a Ph.D. student at the Faculty of Information Technology at the Czech Technical University. His research focuses on the scalability of shallow methods for collaborative filtering and the use of large language models and computer vision for the cold-start problem in recommender systems.